Access to parks for youth as an environmental justice issue: Access inequalities and possible solutions

Alessandro Rigolon, Travis L. Flohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


Although repeated contact with nature helps foster mental and physical health among young people, their contact with nature has been diminishing over the last few decades. Also, low-income and ethnic minority children have even less contact with nature than white middle-income children. In this study, we compared accessibility to play in parks for young people from different income and racial backgrounds in Denver, Colorado. Park access for children and youth was measured using a geographic information system (GIS). Each neighborhood was classified according to income level, residential density, and distance from downtown; and then each park was classified based on formal and informal play, and level of intimacy. Comparisons between neighborhoods show that that low-income neighborhoods have the lowest access and high-income neighborhoods have the highest access to parks, and that differences are even higher for parks with play amenities and high levels of intimacy. To overcome this issue, the paper proposes a framework for action to improve access to parks for low-income children and youth and to help planners, decision makers and advocacy groups prioritize park investments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-94
Number of pages26
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


Dive into the research topics of 'Access to parks for youth as an environmental justice issue: Access inequalities and possible solutions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this