Achieving sub-diffraction spatial resolution using combined Fourier transform spectroscopy and nonlinear optical microscopy

Megan A. Steves, Kenneth L. Knappenberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fourier transform nonlinear optical microscopy is used to perform nonlinear spectroscopy of single gold nanorods in an imaging platform, which enables sub-diffraction spatial resolution. The nonlinear optical signal is detected as a function of the time delay between two phase-locked pulses, forming an interferogram that can be used to retrieve the resonant response of the nanoparticles. Detection of the nonlinear signal through a microscopy platform enables wide-field hyperspectral imaging of the longitudinal plasmon resonances in individual gold nanorods. Super-resolution capabilities are demonstrated by distinguishing multiple nanorods that are co-located within the optical diffraction limit and are spatially separated by only tens of nanometers. The positions and resonance energies obtained through Fourier transform nonlinear optical microscopy agree with the relative positions and aspect ratios deduced from electron microscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number021101
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume156
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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