Patient: Female, 32 Final Diagnosis: Levo-transposition of the great arteries Symptoms: Shortness of breath Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Cesarian section Specialty: Anesthesiology Objective: Background: Case Report: Conclusions: Challenging differential diagnosis Levo-transposition of the great arteries (L-TGA) is a rare form of congenital heart disease that may go unrecognized until adulthood. Parturient women with L-TGA have a high likelihood of developing acute pulmonary edema and cardiac dysrhythmias during the peri-partum period. We present the case of a 32-year-old primigravida patient with previously unknown diagnosis of L-TGA, presenting with preeclampsia, whose peri-partum course was complicated by the development of acute pulmonary edema, complete heart block, and acute hypoxic respiratory failure. This case report highlights the predisposition of parturient women with undiagnosed congenital heart disease to develop acute hypoxic respiratory failure in the perioperative period and the importance of meticulous fluid management in such patients.
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