Acute systemic inhibition of inflammation augments endothelium-dependent dilation in women with a history of preeclamptic pregnancy

Anna E. Stanhewicz, Gabrielle A. Dillon, Corinna Serviente, Lacy M. Alexander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Women who have had preeclampsia demonstrate microvascular endothelial-dysfunction, mediated in part by reduced nitric oxide (NO)-dependent dilation. Preeclamptic pregnancies are associated with elevated inflammation, and inhibition of inflammation attenuates endothelial damage in animal models of preeclampsia. However, it is unclear if inhibition of vascular inflammation improves endothelial function in women after a preeclamptic pregnancy. Using the cutaneous microcirculation as a model, we hypothesized that acute systemic inhibition of vascular inflammation (oral salsalate; 1500 mg/twice daily, 4 days) would improve endothelium- and NO-dependent vasodilation in women with a history of preeclampsia (PE) but not in women with a history of uncomplicated pregnancy (HC). Twelve HC (30 ± 1yrs, 10 ± 2 months postpartum) and 10 PE (30 ± 2yrs, 8 ± 2 months postpartum) participated in a double-blind placebo-controlled study. Following each treatment, 2 intradermal microdialysis fibers were placed in the skin of the ventral forearm for graded infusion of acetylcholine (Ach, 10-7–102mM) or Ach + 15 mM L-NAME (NO synthase antagonist). Red blood cell flux was measured over each site by laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF). Cutaneous vascular conductance was calculated (CVC = LDF/mean arterial pressure) and normalized to maximum (%CVCmax; 28 mM SNP + local heat 43 °C). ACh-induced (77 ± 3 vs. 92 ± 3%CVCmax; p = 0.01) and NO-dependent (20 ± 6 vs. 33 ± 4%; p = 0.02) vasodilation were attenuated in PE compared to HC. Salsalate augmented ACh-induced (95 ± 2%CVCmax; p = 0.002) and NO-dependent (39 ± 3%; p = 0.009) dilation in PE compared to placebo but had no effect in HC (all p > 0.05). Salsalate treatment augmented endothelium-dependent vasodilation via NO-mediated pathways in women who have had preeclampsia, suggesting that inflammatory signaling mediates persistent endothelial dysfunction following preeclampsia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-86
Number of pages6
JournalPregnancy Hypertension
Volume27
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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