Adaptive look-ahead optimization of traffic signals

Isaac Porche, Stéphane Lafortune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


ALLONS-D is a decentralized real-time traffic control scheme. A description of its basic architecture, system model, and optimization algorithm is given. Through simulations, the scheme is shown to be suitable for adaptive control of an isolated intersection. An efficient tree searching algorithm is used to find a traffic signal plan that minimizes delay. The search is constrained only by maximum and minimum green times per phase. This algorithm is free to consider cyclic and non-cyclic signal plans alike. The rolling horizon concept is used for the calculation and implementation of optimal signal plans. The ALLONS-D scheme has several key differences with other real-time traffic control schemes, such as OPAC. Extensive simulation experiments on a single intersection indicate the success of the ALLONS-D scheme versus any fixed-cycle plan. The tests included a full range of uniform and non-uniform demands from low levels of saturation to the over-saturated case. For arterial networks of intersections, the scheme is shown to be capable of inducing a level of coordination that results in progressive signal plans. In particular, the scheme can be used to coordinate travel times on transit routes. An extension of the scheme to provide network-wide optimization of traffic signals is explained in the form of a two-layer scheme. Some preliminary results using this approach are included. Simulation experiments are performed with a newly developed-traffic simulator called STNS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-254
Number of pages46
JournalJournal of Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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