Adaptive vibration isolation for axially moving strings: Theory and experiment

Yugang Li, Dan Aron, Christopher D. Rahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations


High-speed transport of continuous materials such as belts, webs, filaments, or bands can cause unwanted vibration. Vibration control for these systems often focuses on restricting the response resulting from external disturbances (e.g. support roller eccentricity or aerodynamic excitation) to areas not requiring high precision positioning. This paper introduces vibration controllers for an axially moving string system consisting of a controlled span coupled to a disturbed span via an actuator. The system model includes a partial differential equation for the two spans and an ordinary differential equation for the actuator. Exact model knowledge and adaptive isolation controllers, based on Lyapunov theory, regulate the controlled span from bounded disturbances in the adjacent, uncontrolled span. Assuming distributed damping in the uncontrolled span, the exact model knowledge and adaptive controllers exponentially and asymptotically drive the controlled span displacement to zero, respectively, while ensuring bounded uncontrolled span displacement and control force. Experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed controller in isolating the controlled span from disturbances and damping the controlled span displacement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-390
Number of pages12
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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