Adding Base-Excision Repair Inhibitor TRC102 to Standard Pemetrexed-Platinum-Radiation in Patients with Advanced Nonsquamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Results of a Phase I Trial

Tithi Biswas, Afshin Dowlati, Charles A. Kunos, John J. Pink, Nancy L. Oleinick, Shakun Malik, Pingfu Fu, Shufen Cao, Debora S. Bruno, David L. Bajor, Monaliben Patel, Stanton L. Gerson, Mitchell Machtay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: TRC102, a small-molecule base-excision repair inhibitor, potentiates the cytotoxicity of pemetrexed and reverses resistance by binding to chemotherapy-induced abasic sites in DNA. We conducted a phase I clinical trial combining pemetrexed and TRC102 with cisplatin-radiation in stage III nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NS-NSCLC). Patients and Methods: Fifteen patients were enrolled from 2015 to 2019. The primary objective was to determine the dose-limiting toxicity and maximum tolerated dose of TRC102 in combination with pemetrexed, cisplatin, and radiotherapy. Secondary objectives were to assess toxicity, tumor response, and progression-free survival at 6 months. Based on our preclinical experiments, pemetrexed-TRC102 was given on day 1, and cisplatin/radiotherapy was initiated on day 3. This schedule was duplicated in the second cycle. After completion, two additional cycles of pemetrexed-cisplatin were given. Toxicities were assessed using NCI CTACAE versions 4/5. Results: The median age was 69 years (45-79) with the median follow-up of 25.7 months (range, 7.9-47.4). No dose-limiting toxicities and no grade 5 toxicity were seen. Hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicities were the most common side effects. No clinical radiation pneumonitis was seen. Of 15 evaluable patients, three had complete response (20%), and 12 had partial response (80%). The 6-month progression-free survival was 80%, and the 2-year overall survival was 83%. Conclusions: Pemetrexed-TRC102 combined with cisplatin/radiotherapy in NS-NSCLC is safe and well tolerated. The recommended phase II dose is 200 mg TRC102 along with cisplatin-pemetrexed. No additional safety signal was seen beyond the expected CRT risks. A phase II trial, integrating post-CRT immunotherapy with this aggressive DNA-damaging regimen, is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)646-652
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Adding Base-Excision Repair Inhibitor TRC102 to Standard Pemetrexed-Platinum-Radiation in Patients with Advanced Nonsquamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Results of a Phase I Trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this