Adherence to a strength training intervention in adult women

Andrea Yukie Arikawa, Maureen O'Dougherty, Kathryn H. Schmitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Background: The factors influencing exercise adherence are not well characterized in women in their premenopausal years. Methods: The purpose of this report is to provide an analysis of demographic factors contributing to women's adherence to a 2-year twice-weekly weight training intervention. Overweight and obese premenopausal women were randomized to a control or intervention group. Results: During the supervised period of the intervention (months 1 to 4), adherence was significantly lower among those with a higher level of education and among unmarried women with children aged 6 to 12 compared with married women without children (F = 4.83, P =.004). Overall adherence during the supervised and unsupervised periods was 95.4% and 64.5%, respectively (unadjusted mean). During year 1, white women were significantly more adherent to the intervention (70.3%) than women of color (48.6%). Nonmarried women with children 13 years or older were significantly less adherent than married women with children 5 years or younger (36.3% versus 75.4%, respectively, P <.007). Overall adherence was 51.4% in year 2. Conclusions: Interventions and public health recommendations need to further consider how to engage communities to provide effective support for longterm adherence to fitness center based exercise of all women, regardless of demographics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-118
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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