Adherence to the dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Yuanyuan Sun, Shuohua Chen, Xinyu Zhao, Yanhong Wang, Yanqi Lan, Xiaozhong Jiang, Xiang Gao, Shouling Wu, Li Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background and Aims: The evidence of the relationship between dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is limited. Thus, we conducted a cohort-based case-control study to examine whether adherence to the DASH diet was associated with lower NAFLD risk in China. Methods: We included 11 888 participants (2529 incident NAFLD and 9359 non-NAFLD) from the Kailuan cohort with no history of hepatitis B/C infection and alcohol drinking. DASH score was calculated based on the energy-adjusted consumption of vegetables, fruits, dairy, beans, grains, meats, fat, sodium and beverage, collected by a validated food frequency questionnaire. We used Logistic regression analysis to determine the NAFLD's risk according to the DASH score. Results: Higher DASH score was associated with lower risk of NAFLD. Compared with the lowest quintile of DASH score, the highest DASH quintile had a lower risk of occurring NAFLD, with odds ratio (OR) of 0.82 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.70-0.96) in the multivariate model. Stratified analysis showed that the inverse association was only observed in women (OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.48-0.94), and participants with overweight/obesity (OR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.66-0.94), fasting blood glucose <6.1 mmol/L (OR = 0.80, 95%: 0.67-0.96), low density lipoprotein ≥3.4 mmol/L (OR = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.53-0.96), high density lipoprotein ≥1.0 mmol/L (OR = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.69-0.96), ALT < 40 U/L (OR = 0.79, 95% CI:0.67-0.93) and C-reactive protein ≥2.0 mg/L (OR = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.40-0.78). Conclusions: Adherence to the DASH diet was inversely associated with a lower risk of NAFLD in the Chinese population. DASH diet should be highly recommended, especially for women and people with overweight/obesity and a high CRP level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)809-819
Number of pages11
JournalLiver International
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology


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