Adolescent adaptation before, during and in the aftermath of the Great Recession in the USA

Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson, Jeremy Staff, Megan E. Patrick, John E. Schulenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


This study examines the impact of the “Great Recession” (from December 2007 to June 2009) on 8th and 10th graders in the USA, using annual nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future study. Historical changes in youth adjustment (self-esteem, depressed mood, risk taking, aggression and property crime), school achievement (grade point average [GPA], time spent on homework and educational expectations) and structured and unstructured activities (volunteering, employment, sports and evenings out for fun) were examined between 1991 and 2014. Overall, there were only slight changes in mean levels of adjustment, achievement and most youth activities. However, the percentage of youth working during the school year did decline during the Great Recession. Several longer-term trends were also evident, though not directly tied to the Great Recession. These include an increase in GPA, a decrease in time spent on homework, rising educational expectations and more time spent volunteering. Future work should assess how the shift to unpaid work activities (e.g. volunteering and internships) among youth is impacting the transition from school to work in the contemporary economy, and whether the Great Recession had deleterious impacts for younger children or among youth whose parents lost work or had their homes foreclosed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • General Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Adolescent adaptation before, during and in the aftermath of the Great Recession in the USA'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this