Adsorption of polyamides and polyamide-silane mixtures at glass surfaces

Jeffrey R. Shallenberger, Ezz Eldin Metwalli, Carlo G. Pantano, F. Norman Tuller, Douglas F. Fry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The individual and combined adsorption behavior of polyamides and two different silanes to multicomponent glass surfaces was probed with a combination of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and static contact angle measurements. Samples were analyzed with and without solvent rinsing to separate the weakly bound (physisorbed) and more strongly bound (chemisorbed) species. High-resolution XPS on N Is revealed that the polyamides adsorb to the glass surfaces via protonated amine species at the acidic (OH) sites on the glass surface. Angle-resolved XPS confirmed this by showing that the alkyl portion of the polymer is oriented away from the glass interface. In competitive coadsorption studies it was found that amino-terminated silanes preferentially adsorb to the glass surface, relegating the polyamide to a physisorbed outer layer. When mercaptoterminated silanes were competitively coadsorbed the polyamide was preferentially adsorbed even when present at a concentration twenty times less than that of the silane. Altogether, this work reveals the strong interaction between surface silanols and amino-functionalized organics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)667-672
Number of pages6
JournalSurface and Interface Analysis
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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