Advanced lubricants for heat engines

S. M. Hsu, J. M. Perez, C. S. Ku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An advanced liquid lubricant for heat engines has been developed and tested successfully in a prototype engine. The lubricant possesses superior oxidation stability and high temperature stability. With the advent of new engine designs, stability should be measured in terms of both the temperature and the time for which the lubricant is subjected to it. This lubricant is designed to provide friction and wear protection for three to five minutes at 425°C (800°F) at the ring zone and maintains stability at an oil sump temperature of 171°C. The lubricant has been evaluated by the Cummins Engine Company. Out of a field of several dozen lubricants, six lubricants were selected for a prototype 200 h endurance tests. The NIST lubricant was one of the two lubricants that successfully finished the endurance testing. This paper provides an overview of the key lubricant design considerations, including oxidation and thermal stability, volatility, and deposit control, the prototype engine test conditions and the results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-156
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Synthetic Lubrication
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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