Advancement of wave generation and signal transmission in wire waveguides for structural health monitoring applications

M. Kropf, M. Pedrick, X. Wang, B. R. Tittmann

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


As per the recent advances in remote in situ monitoring of industrial equipment using long wire waveguides (∼10m), novel applications of existing wave generation techniques and new acoustic modeling software have been used to advance waveguide technology. The amount of attainable information from an acoustic signal in such a system is limited by transmission through the waveguide along with frequency content of the generated waves. Magnetostrictive, and Electromagnetic generation techniques were investigated in order to maximize acoustic transmission along the waveguide and broaden the range of usable frequencies. Commercial EMAT, Magnetostrictive and piezoelectric disc transducers (through the innovative use of an acoustic horn) were utilized to generate waves in the wire waveguide. Insertion loss, frequency bandwidth and frequency range were examined for each technique. Electromagnetic techniques are shown to allow for higher frequency wave generation. This increases accessibility of dispersion curves providing further versatility in the selection of guided wave modes, thus increasing the sensitivity to physical characteristics of the specimen. Both electromagnetic and magnetostrictive transducers require the use of a ferromagnetic waveguide, typically coupled to a steel wire when considering long transmission lines (>2m). The interface between these wires introduces an acoustic transmission loss. Coupling designs were examined with acoustic finite element software (Coupled-Acoustic Piezoelectric Analysis). Simulations along with experimental results aided in the design of a novel joint which minimizes transmission loss. These advances result in the increased capability of remote sensing using wire waveguides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number15
Pages (from-to)135-141
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2005
EventAdvanced Sensor Technologies for Nondestructive Evaluation and Structural Health Monitoring - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 8 2005Mar 10 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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