Advances and Considerations in the Management of Actinic Keratosis: An Expert Consensus Panel Report

James Del Rosso, April W. Armstrong, Brian Berman, Neal Bhatia, Clay Cockerell, Gary Goldenberg, Joslyn Kirby, Mark Lebwohl, Linda Stein Gold, Justin W. Marson, Darrell S. Rigel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Actinic keratosis (AK) is a potentially pre-malignant tumor with a poorly defined risk of progression to invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Because of the typical need for recurrent cycles of AK treatment, outcomes can be limited by both therapeutic efficacy and patient adherence. Objective: To synthesize the available and most current literature into overarching principles to provide guidance on the management of AKs, improving patient experiences and treatment outcomes. Methods: A systematic review querying epidemiology natural history, prognosis, management of AKs as well as the mechanism of action of and adherence to current AK therapy was conducted. After reviewing the literature, an expert consensus panel consisting of 10 expert dermatologists and dermatopathologists used a modified De lphi process to develop statements regarding the pathogenesis and management of AKs. Final statements were only adopted with a supermajority vote (7/10). Results: The panel developed 7 consensus statements regarding AKs pathogenesis and management. Conclusion: The poorly defined risk for AK progression into invasive SCC without universally accepted clinical-histopathological factors highlights the importance of long-term efficacious treatment. To effectively counsel and treat patients with actinic keratoses, dermatologists must understand how newer therapeutic approaches with mechanisms of action that have more rapid onset of action, shorter treatment courses, and less intense local skin reaction (LSRs) may promote adherence and improve long-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)888-893
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Drugs in Dermatology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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