Recent efforts in expanding the range of biofuel and biorenewable molecules using microbial production hosts have focused on the introduction of non-native pathways in model organisms and the bio-prospecting of non-model organisms with desirable features. Current challenges lie in the assembly and coordinated expression of the (non-)native pathways and the elimination of competing pathways and undesirable regulation. Several systems and synthetic biology approaches providing contrasting top-down and bottom-up strategies, respectively, have been developed. In this review, we discuss recent advances in both in silico and experimental approaches for metabolic pathway design and engineering, with a critical assessment of their merits and remaining challenges.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry