Advances in the management of conjunctival melanoma

Gargi K. Vora, Hakan Demirci, Brian Marr, Prithvi Mruthyunjaya

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


Malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva is a rare but serious condition. Over the last several years, there have been important advances in the classification, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition. Recent cytogenetic and immunohistochemical studies are increasing understanding of its tumorigenesis. Diagnosis, although still made via histopathology, has been aided with imaging techniques such as ultrasound biomicroscopy and anterior segment optical coherence tomography. Primary treatment consists of surgical excision. But adjuvant treatments with cryotherapy, topical chemotherapy, and radiation therapy have shown increased success. Sentinel lymph node biopsy has shown early promise of detecting micro-metastasis. Long term follow-up of patients with conjunctival melanoma with systemic surveillance is necessary to detect recurrences and metastases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-42
Number of pages17
JournalSurvey of Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology


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