Affected Zones in an Aluminum Alloy Frictionally Penetrated by a Blind Rivet

Junying Min, Jingjing Li, Yongqiang Li, Blair E. Carlson, Jianping Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Friction stir blind riveting (FSBR), taking the advantages of friction stir processing with blind riveting, is a new joining process for dissimilar materials. This work is the first to employ electron-backscattered diffraction (EBSD) techniques to examine the microstructural evolution in an aluminum alloy sheet (AA6111), which was frictionally penetrated by a rotating blind rivet. The purpose of this work was to develop a basis of microstructural understanding for subsequent investigations into thermal-mechanical modeling and/or mechanical behavior of the joint. Specifically, EBSD observations and microhardness results are identified and helped to characterize in the area close to the blind rivet; a stir zone (SZ), three thermomechanical-affected zones (TMAZs), as well as a heat-affected zone (HAZ). In the TMAZs, the microhardness decreased from above to below that of the base material as the distance to the rivet increased, and the HAZ was softer than the base metal. Fine (∼ 1 μm) and low aspect ratio grains were characterized in the SZ, and grain size increased as the distance to the rivet increased within the TMAZs. Nearly, no difference was observed in the grain structure between the HAZ and the base material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054501
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Affected Zones in an Aluminum Alloy Frictionally Penetrated by a Blind Rivet'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this