Aging attenuates the vestibulorespiratory reflex in humans

Nathan T. Kuipers, Charity L. Sauder, Chester A. Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activation of the vestibular system changes ventilation in humans. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether aging alters the vestibulorespiratory reflex in humans. Because aging attenuates the vestibulosympathetic reflex, it was hypothesized that aging would attenuate the vestibulorespiratory reflex. Changes in ventilation during engagement of the semicircular canals and/or the otolith organs were measured in fourteen young (26 ± 1 years) and twelve older subjects (66 ± 1 years). In young subjects, natural engagement of the semicircular canals and the otolith organs by head rotation increased breathing frequency during dynamic upright pitch at 0.25 Hz (15 cycles min-1) and 0.5 Hz (30 cycles min-1) (Δ2 ± 1 and Δ4 ± 1 breaths min-1, respectively; P < 0.05) and during dynamic upright roll (Δ2 ± 1 and Δ4 ± 1, respectively; P < 0.05). In older subjects, the only significant changes in breathing frequency occurred during dynamic pitch and roll at 0.5 Hz (Δ2 ± 1 and Δ2 ± 1 for pitch and roll, respectively). Stimulation of the horizontal semicircular canals by yaw rotation increased minute ventilation in young but not older subjects. Selective engagement of the otolith organs during static head-down rotation did not alter breathing frequency in either the young or older subjects. The results of this study indicate that the vestibulorespiratory reflex is attenuated in older humans, with greater vestibular stimulation needed to activate the reflex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)955-961
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physiology
Volume548
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology

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