AHR is a master regulator of diverse pathways in endogenous metabolism

Jeffry C. Granados, Kian Falah, Imhoi Koo, Ethan W. Morgan, Gary H. Perdew, Andrew D. Patterson, Neema Jamshidi, Sanjay K. Nigam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a transcription factor with roles in detoxification, development, immune response, chronic kidney disease and other syndromes. It regulates the expression of drug transporters and drug metabolizing enzymes in a proposed Remote Sensing and Signaling Network involved in inter-organ communication via metabolites and signaling molecules. Here, we use integrated omics approaches to analyze its contributions to metabolism across multiple scales from the organ to the organelle. Global metabolomics analysis of Ahr−/− mice revealed the role of AHR in the regulation of 290 metabolites involved in many biochemical pathways affecting fatty acids, bile acids, gut microbiome products, antioxidants, choline derivatives, and uremic toxins. Chemoinformatics analysis suggest that AHR plays a role in determining the hydrophobicity of metabolites and perhaps their transporter-mediated movement into and out of tissues. Of known AHR ligands, indolepropionate was the only significantly altered molecule, and it activated AHR in both human and murine cells. To gain a deeper biological understanding of AHR, we employed genome scale metabolic reconstruction to integrate knockout transcriptomics and metabolomics data, which indicated a role for AHR in regulation of organic acids and redox state. Together, the results indicate a central role of AHR in metabolism and signaling between multiple organs and across multiple scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number16625
JournalScientific reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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