The hydroxyl (OH) and hydroperoxyl (HO2) radicals were measured for the first time throughout the troposphere and in the lower stratosphere with a new instrument aboard the NASA DC-8 aircraft during the 1996 SUCCESS mission. Typically midday OH was 0.1-0.5 pptv and HO2 was 3-15 pptv. Comparisons with a steady-state model yield the following conclusions. First, even in the lower stratosphere OH was sensitive to the albedo of low clouds and distant high clouds. Second, although sometimes in agreement with models, observed OH and HO2 were more than 4 times larger at other times. Evidence suggests that for the California upper troposphere on 10 May this discrepancy was due to unmeasured HOx sources from Asia. Third, observed HO2/OH had the expected inverse dependence with NO, but was inexplicably higher than modeled HO2/OH by an average of 30%. Finally, small-scale, midday OH and HO2 features were strongly linked to NO variations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)