The present study determined whether acute alcohol (ethanol; EtOH) intoxication in rats impaired components of the insulin- and IGF-I-signaling pathway in skeletal muscle. Rats were administered EtOH, and 2.5 h thereafter either insulin, IGF-I, or saline was injected and the gastrocnemius removed. EtOH did not alter the total amount or tyrosine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor, IGF-I receptor, insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1, or protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt under basal or hormone-stimulated conditions. In contrast, the ability of insulin or IGF-I to phosphorylate T389 and T421/S424 on S6K-1 was markedly diminished by EtOH, and these changes were associated with a reduction in the phosphorylation of the ribosomal protein S6. Under basal conditions, EtOH altered the distribution of eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF)4E, as evidenced by a decreased amount of active eIF4E · eIF4G complex, an increased amount of inactive eIF4E · 4E-binding protein (BP)1 complex, and decreased 4E-BP1 phosphorylation. In contrast, EtOH did not impair the ability of either hormone to reverse the changes in eIF4E distribution or 4E-BP1 phosphorylation. Pretreatment with a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist was unable to attenuate either the basal EtOH-induced changes in eIF4E distribution or the impaired ability of IGF-I to stimulate S6K1 and S6 phosphorylation. Hence, acute alcohol intoxication alters selected aspects of translational control under both basal and anabolic hormone-stimulated conditions in skeletal muscle in a glucocorticoid-independent manner.
|American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
|Published - Nov 1 2002
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)