Algae intoxication in livestock and waterfowl.

V. R. Beasley, W. O. Cook, A. M. Dahlem, S. B. Hooser, R. A. Lovell, W. M. Valentine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations


Blue-green algae toxins include (1) hepatotoxic peptides that are known to be toxic to cattle, dogs, swine, waterfowl, and sometimes other species; (2) a nicotinic agonist neurotoxin that appears to be toxic to a wide range of animal species; (3) a peripheral-acting cholinesterase inhibitor that is very toxic to swine, birds, and dogs; (4) toxins that impair nervous transmission by blocking sodium channels in nerve cells; and (5) lipopolysaccharide endotoxins. This article provides current information on the mechanisms of action of the primary toxins recognized to date as well as on procedures important in the diagnosis and management of some of the more common cyanobacterial toxicoses in livestock and waterfowl.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-361
Number of pages17
JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Food animal practice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Animals


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