The long-standing problem of time in canonical quantum gravity is the source of several conceptual and technical issues. Here, recent mathematical results are used to provide a consistent algebraic formulation of dynamical symplectic reduction that avoids difficult requirements such as the computation of a complete set of Dirac observables or the construction of a physical Hilbert space. In addition, the new algebraic treatment makes it possible to implement a consistent realization of the gauge structure off the constraint surface. As a consequence, previously unrecognized consistency conditions are imposed on deparametrization - the method traditionally used to unfreeze evolution in completely constrained systems. A detailed discussion of how the new formulation extends previous semiclassical results shows that an internal time degree of freedom need not be semiclassical in order to define a consistent quantum evolution.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics