Allergic Diseases of the Eye

Matthew R. Norris, Neeti Bhardwaj

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The term ocular allergy is used to describe a heterogeneous collection of immunological inflammatory processes affecting the anterior surface of the eye. The spectrum of ocular allergy encompasses five well-defined entities, which are both IgE-mediated (seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, perennial allergic conjunctivitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and atopic keratoconjunctivitis) and non-IgE-mediated (contact blepharoconjunctivitis, giant papillary conjunctivitis, irritant conjunctivitis, and blepharitis). Characterization of these disorders by presence of erythema, pruritus, photophobia, chemosis, and tearing is critical toward accurate diagnosis. Diagnosis is further aided by the use of physical examination and in-office testing modalities. Despite the prevalence of ocular allergy, it is often undertreated by physicians. Treatments include allergen avoidance and nonpharmacologic interventions, topical and systemic medicaments, and allergen immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAbsolute Allergy and Immunology Board Review
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9783031128677
ISBN (Print)9783031128660
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine
  • General Immunology and Microbiology

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