Alternative management of central serous chorioretinopathy using intravitreal metoprolol

Annelise Nicotti Gonçalves, Ingrid U. Scott, Rodrigo Jorge

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1 Scopus citations


Background: Beta-blockers may counteract the effect of catecholamines on central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) pathology and accelerate the improvement of neurosensory retinal detachment. Oral propranolol has been associated with decreased duration of CSC in some studies. We describe two patients with visually symptomatic chronic CSC (cCSC) treated successfully with intravitreal metoprolol. Case presentations: After obtaining the patients’ informed consent, two eyes of two 43-year-old men diagnosed with cCSC treated unsuccessfully with oral spirolactone, micropulse laser and intravitreal anti‐vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents were treated with one off-label intravitreal injection of metoprolol (50 µg/0.05 ml). Baseline (pre-injection) and follow-up examinations (at 1 month post-injection) included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), anterior and posterior segment biomicroscopy, fundus autofluorescence, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (Spectralis, Heidelberg), and electroretinogaphy (ERG) according to International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV) full-field scotopic and photopic standard protocols. ERG results at baseline (pre-injection) and at 1 month post-injection were compared using paired t-tests. Results: There was no significant difference in any of the ISCEV recommended ERG parameters with respect to a- and b-wave amplitude and implicit time, and oscillatory potentials maximal amplitude. BCVA improved in both patients. Neither patient developed clinical evidence of intraocular inflammation. Subretinal and/or intraretinal fluid had improved in both patients at 1 month after the metoprolol injection. Conclusion: These preliminary findings suggest that intravitreal metoprolol may be a safe alternative therapy for patients with cCSC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number50
JournalInternational Journal of Retina and Vitreous
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology


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