Ambulatory blood pressure variability: A conceptual review

Matthew J. Zawadzki, Amanda K. Small, William Gerin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) has long been recognized by researchers as the gold standard of blood pressure (BP) measurement. Researchers and clinicians typically rely on the mean measure of ABP; however, there is considerable variability in the beat-to-beat BP. Although often ignored, this variability has been found to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease and mortality. The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual review of ABP variability (ABPV) focusing on the following: associations between ABPV and health, whether ABPV is reliable, how to calculate ABPV, predictors of ABPV, and treatments for ABPV. Two future directions are discussed involving better understanding ABPV by momentary assessments and improving knowledge of the underlying physiology that explains ABPV. The results of this review suggest that the unique characteristics of ABPV provide insight into the role of BP variability in hypertension and subsequent cardiovascular illness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-58
Number of pages6
JournalBlood Pressure Monitoring
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Assessment and Diagnosis
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


Dive into the research topics of 'Ambulatory blood pressure variability: A conceptual review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this