Amended Safety Assessment of Malic Acid and Sodium Malate as Used in Cosmetics

Christina L. Burnett, Wilma F. Bergfeld, Donald V. Belsito, Ronald A. Hill, Curtis D. Klaassen, Daniel C. Liebler, James G. Marks, Ronald C. Shank, Thomas J. Slaga, Paul W. Snyder, Bart Heldreth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Expert Panel for Cosmetic Ingredient Safety (Panel) re-reviewed the safety of Malic Acid and Sodium Malate in cosmetics. Malic Acid is reported to function in cosmetics as a fragrance ingredient and a pH adjuster and Sodium Malate functions as a skin-conditioning agent - humectant. The Panel reviewed the available data to determine the safety of these ingredients. The Panel concluded that Malic Acid and Sodium Malate are safe in cosmetics in the present practices of use and concentration described in this safety assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-76
Number of pages8
JournalInternational journal of toxicology
Issue number3_suppl
StatePublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology


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