An agent based model for evacuation traffic management

Manini Madireddy, D. J. Medeiros, Soundar Kumara

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

19 Scopus citations


In this paper we build an agent based evacuation model and use it to test a novel traffic control strategy called throttling. The evacuee agents travel from a source to a destination taking the dynamic shortest time path (total travel time depends on the distance to destination and the congestion level). Throttling involves closing a road segment temporarily when its congestion level reaches an upper threshold and opening it when congestion level falls below a lower threshold. Experimentation was performed by comparing the total evacuation time obtained with throttling to a base case (non-throttling) using a small test network and the more realistic Sioux Falls network. We found that throttling improves the total evacuation time significantly. To further test the effectiveness of our control strategy we compared it to contraflow on the test network and found the results to be comparable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2011 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2011
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2011
Event2011 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2011 - Phoenix, AZ, United States
Duration: Dec 11 2011Dec 14 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings - Winter Simulation Conference
ISSN (Print)0891-7736


Other2011 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2011
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhoenix, AZ

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications


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