An algebraic extension of Dirac quantization: Examples

Abhay Ashtekar, Ranjeet S. Tate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


An extension of the Dirac procedure for the quantization of constrained systems is necessary to address certain issues that are left open in Dirac's original proposal. These issues play an important role especially in the context of nonlinear, diffeomorphism invariant theories such as general relativity. Recently, an extension of the required type was proposed using algebraic quantization methods. In this paper, the key conceptual and technical aspects of the algebraic program are illustrated through a number of finite dimensional examples. The choice of examples and some of the analysis is motivated by certain peculiar problems endemic to quantum gravity. However, prior knowledge of general relativity is not assumed in the main discussion. Indeed, the methods introduced and conclusions arrived at are applicable to any system with first class constraints. In particular, they resolve certain technical issues which are present also in the reduced phase space approach to quantization of these systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6434-6470
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Mathematical Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics


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