An all 2D bio-inspired gustatory circuit for mimicking physiology and psychology of feeding behavior

Subir Ghosh, Andrew Pannone, Dipanjan Sen, Akshay Wali, Harikrishnan Ravichandran, Saptarshi Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Animal behavior involves complex interactions between physiology and psychology. However, most AI systems neglect psychological factors in decision-making due to a limited understanding of the physiological-psychological connection at the neuronal level. Recent advancements in brain imaging and genetics have uncovered specific neural circuits that regulate behaviors like feeding. By developing neuro-mimetic circuits that incorporate both physiology and psychology, a new emotional-AI paradigm can be established that bridges the gap between humans and machines. This study presents a bio-inspired gustatory circuit that mimics adaptive feeding behavior in humans, considering both physiological states (hunger) and psychological states (appetite). Graphene-based chemitransistors serve as artificial gustatory taste receptors, forming an electronic tongue, while 1L-MoS2 memtransistors construct an electronic-gustatory-cortex comprising a hunger neuron, appetite neuron, and feeding circuit. This work proposes a novel paradigm for emotional neuromorphic systems with broad implications for human health. The concept of gustatory emotional intelligence can extend to other sensory systems, benefiting future humanoid AI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6021
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy

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