A new formalism is developed to describe the viscous coupling phenomena between two immiscible, flowing fluids in porous media. The formulation is based on the notation of 'two-phase mixture' in which the relative motion between an individual phase and the mixture in porous media can be described by a diffusion equation. The present formulation is derived from Darcy's law with cross-terms without making further approximations. However, the new formulation requires fewer effective parameters to be determined experimentally, thus offering a more viable tool for the study of two-phase flow dynamics with viscous coupling in porous media. Moreover, it is found that no new term appears in the present model in cases with and without viscous coupling; instead, the incorporation of viscous coupling only modifies the effective parameters. It can thus be concluded that viscous coupling does not represent a fundamentally new phenomenon within the framework of the present formulation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemical Engineering