An Antiracism Approach to Conducting, Reporting, and Evaluating Pediatric Critical Care Research

Adrian D. Zurca, Markita L. Suttle, Tessie W. October

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Reporting race and ethnicity without consideration for the complexity of these variables is unfortunately common in research. This practice exacerbates the systemic racism present in healthcare and research, of which pediatric critical care is not immune. Scientifically, this approach lacks rigor, as people are grouped into socially derived categories that are often not scientifically justified, and the field is denied the opportunity to examine closely the true associations between race/ethnicity and clinical outcomes. In this Special Article for Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, we introduce an antiracism approach to conducting, reporting, and evaluating pediatric critical care research. We propose four recommendations: 1) race and ethnicity are social constructs that should be evaluated as such, with researchers considering the context and relevance of related social determinants of health; 2) race and ethnicity data should be collected with sufficient detail to allow detection of meaningful results and minimize the risk of overgeneralizing findings; 3) as health equity research evolves, the pediatric critical care research field must adapt and proactively strive for inclusivity; and 4) the research community, including investigators, authors, research ethics committees, funding organizations, professional organizations, and journal editorial boards, are all accountable for rigorously conducting and reporting race/ethnicity in research. Taking an antiracism approach to research requires the field to ask the difficult question of why racial/ethnic differences exist to eliminate healthcare disparities and optimize healthcare outcomes for all children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-132
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Critical Care Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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