An evaluation of six internal anchor tags for tagging juvenile striped bass

Anne Henderson-Arzapalo, Paul Rago, Jorgen Skjeveland, Mike Mangold, Priscilla Washington, Jack Howe, Timothy King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Six types of internal anchor tags were compared for retention, legibility, and durability in tagging juvenile (age-0) striped bass Morone saxatilis. Tank-reared striped bass (120–200 mm total length) were tagged with coded wire tags and one of six types of internal anchor tags (500 fish each tag type and two groups of controls). The types of internal anchor tags used were as follows: Floy streamer FM-84 (currently in use by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service); Floy streamer with protective sheath (modified FM-84), Floy streamer with a monofilament leader and sheath (FM-89SL), modified Hallprint T687, Hallprint monofilament IEX WAD, and Hallprint T-bar IEX NOR. The Hallprint T-bar IEX NOR and the Floy FM-84 tags caused significantly higher 2-week and 6-month mortality. Final fish total length was different among tag types and tagger groups; however, final fish size was not correlated with either variable after adjusting for initial fish size. Tags were also mounted on polyvinyl chloride pipes and exposed to freshwater, brackish-water, and saltwater environments for 1 year. The brackish-water environment was harsher than either freshwater or salt water and had a greater density of fouling organisms. Legibility was poor for the Floy streamer, and Floy tag sheaths sometimes moved and obscured the printing. Failure rates (printing loss or tag loss) for the Floy tags (36%) were about six times higher than the Hallprint tags (6%). An analysis of 369 anchor tags returned by striped bass fishers indicated that the tag was illegible when more than 43 printed characters were lost and that illegibility increased over time. None of the tags tested was considered appropriate for tagging juvenile striped bass, but changes in tag design, material, and insertion could improve tag retention and survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)482-493
Number of pages12
JournalNorth American Journal of Fisheries Management
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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