Purpose: To describe a novel technique that integrates customized sleeved seed production to reduce seed migration using preloaded needles with real-time intraoperative dosimetric planning for patients treated with iodine-125 (I-125) permanent prostate seed implants. Methods and Materials: Customized seed-spacer sequences were calculated for patients in real time based on an intraoperative transrectal ultrasound-guided volume study. Using a Fox Chase Cancer Center modified Best Iodine-125 seed loader (Best Medical, Springfield, VA), the seeds and spacers were inserted into a hollow suture material (sleeve) and then loaded into the implant needles. Needles were placed sequentially under transrectal ultrasound guidance with sagittal plane visualization of the dropped sleeved seeds. Results: This technique was successfully implemented allowing intraoperative planning to be combined with real-time sleeved seed production. Conclusions: The use of sleeves for seeds combined with real-time intraoperative planning allowed for the intraoperative customization of implants with the practical advantages of linked seeds.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging