An Observational Approach to Examining White Parents’ Racial Socialization Practices With Adolescent Youth

Chardée A. Galán, Shannon Savell, Melvin Wilson, Daniel S. Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The racial socialization (RS) strategies used by White parents have received limited empirical attention. Thus, the current study examined the frequency and content of White parents’ RS messages to their White children during an observed parent–child discussion task on discrimination when youth were 14 years old. Participants were 243 White caregivers and their adolescent children (47.7% female). Overall, parents provided few RS messages, but when they did, they often relayed egalitarian messages or messages minimizing racism. Other types of RS strategies that emerged included acknowledging racism targeting people of color, discriminatory attitudes, and false beliefs in reverse racism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)883-895
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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