We have previously demonstrated that specific activation of a cAMP- dependent protein kinase A (PKA) pathway resulted in complete repression of phenobarbital (PB)-inducible CYP gene expression in primary rat hepatocyte cultures. In the current investigation, we examined the role of protein phosphatase pathways as potential co-regulators of this repressive response. Primary rat hepatocytes were treated with increasing concentrations (0.1-25 nM) of okadaic acid, a potent inhibitor of serine/threonine-specific protein phosphatases PP1 and PP2A. PB induction responses were assessed by use of specific hybridization probes to CYP2B1 and CYP2B2 mRNAs. Okadaic acid completely inhibited the PB induction process in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50, ~1.5-2 nM). Similar repression was obtained with low concentrations of other highly specific phosphatase inhibitors, tautomycin and calyculin A. In contrast, exposure of hepatocytes to 1-nor-okadaone or okadaol, negative analogs of okadaic acid largely devoid of phosphatase inhibitory activity, was without effect on the PB induction process. At similar concentrations, okadaic acid produced only comparatively weak modulation of the β-naphthoflavone-inducible CYP1A1 gene expression pathway. In additional experiments, hepatocytes were treated with suboptimal concentrations of PKA activators together with phosphatase inhibitors. Okadaic acid markedly potentiated the repressive effects of dibutyryl-cAMP on the PB induction process. Together, these results indicate that both PKA and protein phosphatase (PP1 and/or PP2A) pathways exert potent and complementary control of the intracellular processes modulating the signaling of PB in cultured primary rat hepatocytes.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
|Published - Aug 1997
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine