An RNA-seq study of the mPFC of rats with different addiction phenotypes

Ashley J. McFalls, Ceasar G. Imperio, Emma Woodward, Claire Krikorian, Brooke Stoltsfus, Benjamin Wronowski, Patricia S. Grigson, Willard M. Freeman, Kent E. Vrana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Addiction is a disease of brain-reward circuitry whereby attention, motivation, memory and emotional systems become enslaved to the goal of seeking and acquiring drug, instead of responding to the natural rewards for which these systems evolved. At the intersection of reward/limbic structures, the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) receives and consolidates signals regarding environment and orchestrates the most appropriate response (i.e., decision-making and attention). As such, mPFC function plays a critical role in the vulnerability or resilience to drug addiction. In our model of drug-induced reward devaluation, an outbred group of Sprague-Dawley rats parsed into two distinct drug-taking phenotypes: those, referred to as small suppressors (SS) that readily ingest a heroin-paired sweet cue and then take little drug, and those, referred to large suppressors (LS), that avoid the heroin-paired cue, but then respond greatly for the drug of abuse. In the present study, we analyzed the mPFC transcriptome of rats from these divergent groups to discover differences in gene expression that underlie these distinct phenotypes. Genes found to be differentially expressed were those associated with schizophrenia and dopamine signaling, signal transduction, development and synaptic plasticity. These genes may underlie the circumstance whereby some individuals succumb to addiction, while others do not, and may reveal new pharmacological targets for the treatment of drug addiction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-120
Number of pages14
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume191
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Neuroscience

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