Recently, interdependency between electricity, gas, and water infrastructures are increasing due to convincing reasons and critical dependence of societies to such infrastructures. In this paper, the interconnection of the natural gas, water and power generation systems is firstly described. Then, mathematical problem formulation of economic environmental dispatch as well as deterministic/probabilistic optimization of gas/water/power nexus models are presented with emphasis on their advantages/disadvantages and achievements. Moreover, different types of seawater desalination technologies and hydro/hydrothermal/pumped hydro storages are categorized and compared in short-term scheduling and planning studies. The expected outcomes and influence of the research will be attaining a comprehensive analysis of interactions among energy sources in multi-carrier energy systems as well as enhancement of performance of the integrated power, gas and water systems in terms of operation, economy and emission of pollutant gases including significant projects implemented around the world and case studies. The potential to increase efficiency, flexibility, and performance by considering multiple energy carriers are investigated in this study to highlight the remarkable opportunities that can be attained by investing in multi-energy generation assets. The current literature is categorized into three classifications including a) integrated electricity and gas sources, b) integrated electricity and water sources, and c) integrated electricity, gas and water infrastructures. Each of the mentioned multi-carrier energy systems is introduced by concentrating on the main contributions of the literature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Environmental Science(all)
- Strategy and Management
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering