Analysis and control of parabolic PDE systems with input constraints

Nael H. El-Farra, Antonios Armaou, Panagiotis D. Christofides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

151 Scopus citations


This paper develops a general framework for the analysis and control of parabolic partial differential equations (PDE) systems with input constraints. Initially, Galerkin's method is used for the derivation of ordinary differential equation (ODE) system that capture the dominant dynamics of the PDE system. This ODE systems are then used as the basis for the synthesis, via Lyapunov techniques, of stabilizing bounded nonlinear state and output feedback control laws that provide an explicit characterization of the sets of admissible initial conditions and admissible control actuator locations that can be used to guarantee closed-loop stability in the presence of constraints. Precise conditions that guarantee stability of the constrained closed-loop parabolic PDE system are provided in terms of the separation between the fast and slow eigenmodes of the spatial differential operator. The theoretical results are used to stabilize an unstable steady-state of a diffusion-reaction process using constrained control action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-725
Number of pages11
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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