Anatase TiO2 Nanoparticle Coating on Barium Ferrite Using Titanium Bis-Ammonium Lactato Dihydroxide and Its Use as a Magnetic Photocatalyst

Seung Woo Lee, Jack Drwiega, Chang Yu Wu, David Mazyck, Wolfgang M. Sigmund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

Photoactive anatase TiO2 nanoparticles with a size less than 10 nm were coated on barium ferrite forming complete coverage by the controlled hydrolysis and condensation of titanium bis-ammonium lactato dihydroxide in the presence of polyethyleneimine at a relatively low temperature (95 °C). The as-prepared composite particles (hard magnetic barium ferrite (core)-anatase TiO2 nanoparticles (shell)) can be utilized as a magnetic photocatalyst, which can be fluidized and recovered by an applied magnetic field enhancing both the separation and mixing efficiency for remediating fluids. The morphology of composite particles was characterized with scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The crystalline structure of TiO2 was characterized by X-ray diffraction and electron diffraction. Energy-dispersive spectroscopy was utilized for the elemental analysis of the products. The as-prepared TiO2-barium ferrite composite has higher photocatalytic activities than the TiO 2-barium ferrite composite heat-treated at 500 °C for 1 h. The higher photoactivities of the unheated composite are ascribed to higher specific surface area and preservation of the surface hydroxyl groups on TiO2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1160-1164
Number of pages5
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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