Angular-profile tuning of guided waves in hollow cylinders using a circumferential phased array

Jian Li, Joseph L. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations


Angular-profile tuning of guided waves in hollow cylinders is implemented by using partial loading of the elements in a circumferentially placed phased array. Each partial loading element generates nonaxisymmetric guided waves in a pipe. In earlier work, numerical calculations and experiments have shown that, for nonaxisymmetric guided waves, circumferential distribution of particle displacements (i.e., the angular profile) changes with propagation distance, frequency, and mode. To change the angular profile at a certain distance, either frequency or mode has to be changed for a single partial loading element. This is not the case, howevers for a circumferential phased array. The total angular profile of a circumferential array is the superposition of contributions from all elements. If given the knowledge of the angular profile for a single element, the total guided wave angular profile can be controlled and thus focused at any specific circumferential location by a circumferentially placed phased array with adjustable voltage level and phase inputs. This angular profile tuning technique can be used for implementing a circumferential scan with focused, guided wave beams, which leads to the detection of smaller defects as a result of stronger focused beams. Algorithms and specific nondestructive evaluation (NDE) applications for pipe inspection using this technique are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1720-1729
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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