Ankle arthritis. Review of diagnosis and operative management

Robert Grunfeld, Umur Aydogan, Paul Juliano

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The diagnostic and therapeutic options for ankle arthritis are reviewed. The current standard of care for nonoperative options include the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, corticosteroid injections, orthotics, and ankle braces. Other modalities lack high-quality research studies to delineate their appropriateness and effectiveness. The gold standard for operative intervention in end-stage degenerative arthritis remains arthrodesis, but evidence for the superiority in functional outcomes of total ankle arthroplasty is increasing. The next few years will enable more informed decisions and, with more prospective high-quality studies, the most appropriate patient population for total ankle arthroplasty can be identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-289
Number of pages23
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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