Anomalous energy pathway of vacancy migration and self-diffusion in hcp Ti

S. L. Shang, L. G. Hector, Y. Wang, Z. K. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


An anomalous energy pathway with energetically equivalent double saddle points for vacancy mediated self-diffusion within an hcp-Ti basal plane is unveiled by density functional theory. Examination of migration pathway and phonon force constants suggests that the migrating atom tries to follow the bcc-hcp phase transition via the Burgers shear deformation. We propose that the formed energy local minimum with a bcc-like atomic environment between the two saddle points originates from the existence of high-temperature bcc phase and is a feature of Group IV hcp metals with bcc-hcp phase transition. Computed diffusion coefficients are in favorable accord with experiments for hcp Ti.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number224104
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number22
StatePublished - Jun 17 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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