Sentinel animals remain a common means of evaluating rodent health in research colonies. An evaluation of our sentinel program revealed that using Crl:CD1(ICR)-Elite (CD1-E) mice was expensive, occasionally disrupted by limited supply, and minimally responsive to the 3Rs. This evaluation prompted us to explore the use of CRL:NU-Foxn1nu/+ (Het-nude) mice as soiled-bedding sentinel (SBS) animals. Het-nude mice are a byproduct of breeding outbred athymic nude mice and are reared in isolators, with similar health status as CD1-E. Het-nude mice have a thymus, but may have smaller thymic size and fewer bone marrow stem cells than do wildtype controls, suggesting that Het-nude mice might not be immunologically normal. This study compared the antibody titer and seroconversion kinetics of Het-nude and CD1-E SBS to murine norovirus (MNV) and mouse hepatitis virus (MHV). Het-nude and CD1-E female SBS (n = 22 mice of each stock) were housed continuously on soiled bedding collected from MNV-positive or MNV-and MHV-positive colonies at cage changes. Blood was collected for serology at 3, 9 and 12 to 19 wk after the start of soiled bedding exposure. Antibody titers to MNV or MHV did not differ significantly between Het-nude and CD1-E mice. A significant relationship was found between weeks of exposure and titer levels with an increase in titer over the testing period. This study supports the possible use of Het-nude mice as SBS, given that their antibody responses to MNV and MHV are equivalent to those of CD1-E mice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science|
|State||Published - Mar 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Animal Science and Zoology