In guard cells, membrane hyperpolarization in response to a blue light (BL) stimulus is achieved by the activation of a plasma membrane H+-ATPase. Using the patch clamp technique on broad bean (Vicia faba) guard cells we demonstrate that both steady-state- and BL-induced pump currents require ATP and are blocked by vanadate perfused into the guard cell during patch clamp recording. Background-pump current and BL-activated currents are voltage independent over a wide range of membrane potentials. During BL-activated responses significant hyperpolarization is achieved that is sufficient to promote K+ uptake. BL activation of pump current becomes desensitized by three or four pulses of 30 s x 100 μmol m-2 s-1 BL. This desensitization is not a result of pump inhibition as maximal responses to fusicoccin are observed after full BL desensitization. BL treatments prior to whole cell recording show that BL desensitization is not due to washout of a secondary messenger by whole cell perfusion, but appears to be an important feature of the BL-stimulated pump response. We found no evidence for an electrogenic BL-stimulated redox chain in the plasma membrane of guard cells as no steady-state- or BL-activated currents are detected with NADH or NADPH added to the cytosol in the absence of ATP. Steady-state- nor BL-activated currents are affected by the inclusion along with ATP of 1 Mm NADH in the pipette under saturating red light or by including NADPH in the pipette under darkness or saturating red light. These data suggest that reduced products of photosynthesis do not significantly modulate plasma membrane pump currents and are unlikely to be critical regulators in BL-stimulation of the plasma membrane H+-ATPase in guard cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science