Apple fruit recognition algorithm based on multi-spectral dynamic image analysis

Juan Feng, Lihua Zeng, Long He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


The ability to accurately recognize fruit on trees is a critical step in robotic harvesting. Many researchers have investigated a variety of image analysis methods based on different imaging technologies for fruit recognition. However, challenges still occur in the implementation of this goal due to various factors, especially variable light and proximal color background. In this study, images with fruit were acquired with a Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) camera based on the Multi-Spectral Dynamic Imaging (MSX) technology. In view of its imaging mechanism, the optimal timing and shooting angle for image acquisition were pre-analyzed to obtain the maximum contrast between fruit and background. An effective algorithm was developed for locking potential fruit regions, which was based on the pseudo-color and texture information from MSX images. The algorithm was applied to 506 training and 340 evaluating images, including a variety of fruit and complex backgrounds. Recognition precision and sensitivity of these complete fruit regions were both above 92%, and those of incomplete fruit regions were not lower than 72%. The average processing time for each image was less than 1 s. The results indicated that the developed algorithm based on MSX imaging was effective for fruit recognition and could be suggested as a potential method for the automation of orchard production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number949
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry


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