We employ imaging time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry to perform high-throughput analysis of solid-phase synthesized combinatorial libraries by acquiring mass spectra from arrays of polymer resin particles. To generalize this procedure to various types of resins and their associated chemical linkers, it is necessary to understand the dynamics associated with the analyte molecules during chemical pretreatment steps. Using stearic acid as a model compound, we examine the influence of three classes of linkers-acid or base labile linkers, a thermally labile linker, and a photochemically cleavable linker-all of which are used to anchor one end of the analyte to the polymer resin. With data obtained using secondary ion mass spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we conclude that an effective treatment of the resin needs to include cleaving the linker and extracting the unbound analyte to the resin surface. We also demonstrate that the hydrophilicity of the polymeric constituents of a resin particle affects the experiments by changing the location of the analyte molecules during resin treatment. With this information, it is possible to utilize imaging TOF-SIMS to assay a range of material supports with assurance that high-quality spectra can be acquired.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry