Application of uniform design in the formation of cement mixtures

Ming Tang, Jiukun Li, Ling Yau Chan, Dennis K.J. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


As products and processes become more and more complex, there is an increasing need in the industry to perform experiments with a large number of factors and a large number of levels for each factor. For such experiments, application of traditional designs such as factorial designs or orthogonal arrays is impractical because of the large number of runs required. As an alternative, a type of design, called the uniform design, can be used to solve such problems. The uniform design has been intensively studied by theoreticians for several decades and has many successful examples of application in industry. In this article, we report a successful application of uniform design in product formation in the cement manufacturing industry. Specifically, we investigate the effects of additives on bleeding and compressive strength of a cement mixture. This example illustrates how an experiment of 16 runs was performed to study three factors with 16 levels, 8 levels, and 8 levels, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-474
Number of pages14
JournalQuality Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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