Applications of carbon nanotubes in the twenty-first century

Morinobu Endo, Takuaya Hayashi, Yoong Ahm Kim, Mauricio Terrones, Milred S. Dresselhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

228 Scopus citations


Carbon nanotubes, which consist of rolled graphene sheets built from sp2 hybridized carbon atoms, are now attracting scientists from various disciplines due to their fascinating physico-chemical properties. In this account, we will review the recent progress on the synthetic techniques for the large-scale production of carbon nanotubes, especially focusing on the floating-catalyst method used in the chemical vapour deposition (CVD) process. We will also describe effective purification methods avoiding structural damage, and discuss the electrochemical applications of these systems including the fabrication of: (i) lithium-ion secondary batteries; (ii) lead-acid batteries; (iii) electric double-layer capacitors; (iv) fuel cells; and (v) multifunctional fillers in polymer composites. We foresee that carbon nanotubes will find numerous applications and take an important place in the development of emerging technologies in the near future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2223-2238
Number of pages16
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number1823
StatePublished - Oct 15 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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