Approximation of continuous growth of Cephalotaxus harringtonia plant cell cultures using fed‐batch operation

Paul J. Westgate, Wayne R. Curtis, Alden H. Emery, Paul M. Hasegawa, Peter F. Heinstein

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16 Scopus citations


In Cephalotaxus harringtonia plant cell cultures, periods of batch growth that are limited by hexose uptake are too short to make an accurate estimate of the Monod saturation constant. Continuous cultures are infeasible on a laboratory scale, and semicontinuous cultures require too frequent sampling. Fed‐batch operation, consisting of intermittent removal from a culture that is fed continuously, was investigated as a possible solution to these problems. For a constant feed rate, computer simulations showed that a steady state can be achieved which is useful for studying growth at different specific growth rates. In terms of the dilution rate it was confirmed that the operation is essentially equivalent to continuous culture when the samples represent a small fraction of the total culture volume. Experiments with glucose or fructose as the carbon source were carried out in shake flasks fed by a multichannel syringe pump. Results indicate that Monod kinetics based on medium glucose levels cannot adequately describe growth under these conditions. Monod's expression for specific growth rate using internal glucose concentration gives an improved correlation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-246
Number of pages6
JournalBiotechnology and bioengineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


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